Kerala is not only a green land with coconut grooves, paddy fields, beaches, backwaters, hills and forests. Kerala has a rich historical and cultural tradition of its own. Kerala was ruled by a number of foreign invaders as well as native Indian rulers. There are a number of Historical Places In Kerala, which tell the stories of these invasions and successions.
Kerala has a culture of the mixture of three main religions namely Hinduism, Chriastianity and Islam. Hinduism is practised by majority of people in Kerala. One fourth of the population is practising Christianity and the others are Islam. The Islam was introduced here by the Arab traders. Our historic monuments are greatly contributed by these three major religions. Some of the great architectural treasures of Kerala like the Padmanabhapuram Palace and the Jewish synagogue at Fort Kochi are marvellous tourist attractions and are worth visiting.
The history of Kerala is connected with the rise and fall of many foreign and domestic rules. The event of the landing of Vasco Da Gama on the Malabar Coast in 1498 is a milestone in the history of Kerala. The trading connection between Kerala and the Middle East, Mediterranean and China have gave way to several foreign communities. Several historic places of Kerala is living records of these communities from time to time.
The several forts in Kerala can tell the great story of invasions and successions. These forts are the best preserved forts in India. Many of these forts were built by the foreign rulers to safeguard their hold in Kerala. St.Angelo's Fort, Bekal Fort and Palakkad Fort are beautiful examples. The generations to come, will be influenced by the architecture and style of these forts and other buildings. The Pallippuram Fort is the oldest existing European monuments in the country.
Pallipuram Fort was built by the Portuguese. A church located within the fort premises is a popular pilgrim place. St.Angelo's Fort is located some two and a half kilometres from Kannur town and built on the shore line. The fort was built by the first Portuguese Viceroy of India. The fort was captured by the British remained under their control for a long time. The fort is presently protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Places like Fort Kochi and Mattancherry have great historical importance. A church, a temple, a mosque and the remains of a Jewish synagogue all lying in close proximity in Chendamangalam is an ideal example of the ancient Indian tradition of religious tolerance and co-existence. Dutch Palace Mattancherry (Mattancherry Palace), built by the Portuguese is a significant historic monument in Mattancherry. Bolghatty Palace, built in the Bolghatty Island is a well decorated historical monument in Kochi. Thrithala is an important historic ruins and monument which has great archeological significance.
The legend of 'Parayi petta panthirukulam' is centred around Trithala. Kanakakunnu Palace, Palakkad Fort (Tipu Sultan Fort), Chandragiri Fort, St. Francis Church Kochi, Mangaladevi Temple are also important historical monuments in Kerala. Kerala historical places have great importance in Kerala Tourism sector. Historic places in Kerala have been safety preserved for the future generations.