The park was established in 1934 as a tiger reserve and was declared a national park in 1982. It covers an area of 777 square kilometers and is home to over 265 species of birds, 50 species of mammals, 45 species of reptiles, and 40 species of amphibians. It is also home to a variety of plants, including teak, rosewood, bamboo, and more.
The park is divided into two parts: the core area and the buffer zone. The core area is where the wildlife can roam freely and is off-limits to visitors. The buffer zone is open to visitors and offers a variety of activities such as trekking, bird watching, and boating.
The park is also home to several tribal communities who have been living in the area for centuries. These communities are known for their traditional lifestyle and unique culture. They are also involved in conservation efforts in the park and are actively involved in protecting the wildlife from poachers.
The park is also known for its rich cultural heritage. There are several ancient temples located within the park that are dedicated to various Hindu gods and goddesses. Visitors can also explore the ruins of an old fort located within the park.
Periyar National Park is a great place to visit for anyone looking to experience nature at its best. With its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich cultural heritage, it is sure to be an unforgettable experience. So if you're looking for an adventure that will take you away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life, then Periyar National Park is definitely worth a visit.